All posts by Young Whan Song

영화 Interstellar, ★★★★★

Interstellar Poster
Interstellar Poster

보기 드문 명작을 본 느낌이다.

Christopher Nolan 감독의 Interstellar.

처음에는 물리학이나 천체학 (天體學)을 알아야 볼 수 있는 영화인줄 알고 오해를 했었으나, 보고 나서의 느낌은 이것은 인문학, 종교학적인 접근도 같이 있어야 하는 영화라는 느낌을 받았다.

우선 대형 스크린으로 봐야 하는 그 광할한 우주에 혼자 남겨지는 그런 강한 느낌을 받을 수 있을 것 같다. 만일, 노트북이나 작은 화면으로 보게 되면, 그러한 감동은 아마도 반의 반도 안될 것 같다. 한마디로 극장에서 봐야 하는 맛을 느끼게 한다.

(이후 스포일러 있음. 주의.)

그러나, 이 영화는 그런 스펙트컬한 화면의 재미만 주지는 않는다.

스토리 라인은 의외로 단순하다. 죽어가는 지구에서, 소수의 NASA 인원들이 지구인의 미래를 위해, Plan A 와 Plan B를 세운다. Plan A는 거대한 우주선을 띄워서 생존자를 모아 지구를 탈출하는 것이고, A가 실패할 경우 Plan B는 인공수정란을 우주로 보내 인종을 새롭게 퍼뜨리는 것이다.

우선은 이미 죽어가는 지구를 구하는 유일한 방법은 탐험을 하는 것이다. 탐험을 통해, 새로운 땅에서 지구의 인류를 이주시키는 것인데, 이미 몇명의 과학자와 엔지니어와 우주인들이 탐험을 했다가 행방불명이 되었다. 주인공 쿠퍼와 이 plan을 계획한 Prof. Brand의 딸 Amelia Brand 및 다른 과학자들과 함께 찾아나선다. 첫번째 행성은 아인슈타인의 일반상대성 이론을 위한 특수상대성이론이 적용으로, 엄청난 중력으로 1시간이 7년이 되는 행성, 그리고, Matt Damon의 깜짝 등장하는 얼음으로 둘러싼 두번째 행성을 방문한다.

여기서, Prof. Brand의 Plan A를 완성하기 위해서는 Quantum Gravity의 열쇠가 되는 Black Hole의 Event Horizon에서 그 해답을 찾아야 하는데, 이론적으로는 가능하지만, Black Hole의 Event Horizon에서 나와서 그 정보를 전달해 줄수 있는 것은 현실적으로 불가능하다. 결국 현실적인 답은 Plan B를 실현하는 것이 최선이라 믿었는데, 주인공 Couper는 Black Hole Event Horizon 으로 들어가고, 이 5차원의 세계에서 과거의 딸을 보면서, 다른 세계에 있는 자신과 딸에게 메시지를 Morse Code를 보내어 이미 지구의 시간이 많이 흘러 NASA의 Prof. Brand의 수제자가 된 딸 Murph에게 Plan A를 완성시킬 정보를 전달 한다. 그리고, Plan A가 완성되면서, Couper의 이름을 딴 Couper Station 의 거대 우주선에서 이미 나이가 차 80이 넘은 딸과 아직도 40대인 아빠와의 재회를 하게 된다.

감성적인 측면은, 이 아빠의 가족을 사랑하는 마음, 특히 딸을 사랑하는 그 마음이 애틋하다.

딸, Murph에게 영화 초기에 보여진 Ghost 와 같은 기이 현상이 미래의 아빠가 보내는 신호. S.T.A.Y. 그러나, 그 정보는 너무나 감상적이고, Stay 하라는 메시지가 특별하게 다가왔다고 해서, 그것이 옳은 것만은 아닌것이다. 결국은 인간이 가진 호기심과 탐험은 숨길수 없는 것이고, 그것을 멈추는 것은 죽음을 의미할수도 있음을 시사하고 있다. 이것은 돈이나 결과물을 요구하는 어떤 세상의 대중들의 만족을 위해 사는 어리석음을 비꼬고 있다. 왜 이것을 비꼬고 있을까? 그런 선택의 어리석음을 하는 사람들이 대다수를 차지하고 있기 때문이 아닐까?

이 점이 이 영화에서 하고 싶었던 이야기중의 하나가 아닐까 한다. 영화전반에 있는 돈 안되는 우주 과학에 대한 불신. 오로지 먹을 수 있고, 당장 효과만 있는 과학만 지지하는 자본. 심지어 달착륙이 뻥이라고 가르치는 학교를 보여주면서, 이런 점에 대해서 말하고 있는 메시지가 있는 것이 아닐까 생각해 본다.

우주로 보낸 아빠와 화상채팅으로 대화할 수 있는 것은 아니다. 다만, 일방적인 메시지 전달인데, 그 일방적인 메시지라는 것은 상대에 대한 대단한 믿음을 요구한다. 상대가 반드시 들을 것이라는 강한 믿음이 있지 않으면, 그런 대화의 시도조차 하지 않을 것이기 때문이다. 이것은 그야말로, 우리가 하는 기도에 대해서 생각하게 한다. 하나님께 기도하는 그 일방적인 메시지. 그리고, 그 기도에 대해서 현실속에서 응답하시는 하나님.

깜짝등장한 Matt Damon의 역할이었던 Dr. Mann의 인간의 욕심과 추함으로 다시한번, 인류의 생존과 우리의 삶이라는 것이, 아무리 절박한 상황에 처한다 할지라도, 여전히 죄인이며, 죄인으로 살아가는 추악한 모습을 숨길 수 없음을 보게 된다. 이기적인 인간의 모습을 Dr. Mann을 통해서 또 한번 보게 된다.

영화 전반적으로 볼거리와 생각할 것리를 동시에 제공하는 완성도가 깊은 영화라는 생각이 든다. 제목처럼 별과 별사이를 나타내는 것도 있지만, 제목에 숨겨진, 인간과 인간, 인간과 자연, 그리고, 기독교인인 나에게는 인간과 하나님을 같이 생각하게 한다.

Reference:

Mac: How to repair permissions in the system.

When you have a trouble with the disk in your Mac, you may check if it has the right permission in the system files.

You can check easily by

 sudo diskutil repairPermissions /

or Launch Disk Utility ->Select the Disk you want to repair -> Select “First Aid” -> Click “Repair Disk Permissions”

If your “sudo” fails, you can recover it by this

  1. Enable root
    1. System Preference -> User & Groups -> Login Options -> Network Account Server -> Open Directory Utility …
    2. Select “Edit” -> “Enable Root User”
    3. System Preference -> User & Groups -> Select “Show fast user switching menu as “Full Name”
    4. Then, you can switch root easily.
  2. Login as root or switch to root.
  3. Open Terminal
  4. chmod 4755 /usr/bin/sudo
  5. Done.

( Above are based on OSX 10.10 Yosemite. )

Did God talk to the other nation?

But King Neco sent messengers to Josiah with this message: “What do you want with me, king of Judah? I have no quarrel with you today! I am on my way to fight another nation, and God has told me to hurry! Do not interfere with God, who is with me, or he will destroy you.” (‭2 Chronicles‬ ‭35‬:‭21‬ NLT)

Looks like Egypt king got a message from our God and he was obeying to him. How could this be possible?

How God Embraces the Embarrassed

Original: http://www.desiringgod.org/blog/posts/how-god-embraces-the-embarrassed

Following is just copied from the site not to forget.

How God Embraces the Embarrassed

How God Embraces the Embarrassed

Whether it’s a laughable underwear-on-stage experience (laughable later), or a deeply unsettling loss of integrity, embarrassment is a besetting quality of human life. It lurks and stalks beneath the surface of our circumstances, waiting to sink its teeth into our every failing and loss — intentional or naive, serious or jovial, public or private, embarrassment is a trained hunter of human failure.

Getting Behind the Blush

As with any concept, it is best to begin with a clear definition. For our purposes, we will define embarrassment this way: The emotional experience of being judged by others, whether rightly or wrongly; perceived or real. This embarrassment has five basic components.

1. Escape

“I want to die.” “I want to fly away.” “I want to disappear.” “I want to stop existing.” “I want to go back in time.”

Naturally. We want to escape the people. Embarrassment is an experience of the reaction of others to our condition or experience.

And it’s nauseating. Our very bodies start running away from us, out of our control. Tears. Blush. Vomit. Embarrassment is an emotional nuclear meltdown — not a fit, but an uncontrollable and convulsive inside-out-ness. The structures that support us begin to fall — our operating system fails from overload, and we just. . . want. . . to. . . ugh. “Get me out of here.”

2. Shame

“I am unacceptable.” “I have defiled myself.” “People now see the worst of me.” “People see me as undesirable, dirty, disgusting.”

When embarrassed, we assume we have elicited the gag reflex in everyone around us. In that moment, we feel like a monstrosity at whom people tilt their heads, from whom parents hide their children’s eyes, whom adults only speak of in morbidly curious judgment. The embarrassed are self-professed psychics, hearing, “I didn’t know you were so creepy, gruesome, strange, icky, hideous, shameful.”

Choose your poison. It’s there. In the moment, in the emotion, embarrassment is laced with fatal doses of shame.

3. Loneliness

“Not only am I not okay. Everyone else is fine.” “I am the only one who would do something this stupid.” “I am the only one who would be this dumb.” The loneliness of embarrassment can take extreme forms. “I am the pure and full embodiment of failure.” “Others fail, but not like me.” “Others make mistakes, but not like an idiot, not like me.”

To be embarrassed is to feel alone. In whatever amount, loneliness is a universal ingredient in the embarrassment cocktail. Stigma. Social exile. Them over there … me over here. No matter the circumstances, in the moment and emotion of embarrassment, we are utterly isolated and distanced, banished from words like “normal,” “everyone,” and “belonging.” Embarrassment revokes our access to the word “us.”

4. Self-Deprecation

“I deserve their scorn.” “I deserve to be laughed at.” “I deserve to be demoted to a lower social caste.” “I hate myself.” “Why did God even make me?”

Self-deprecation is more than shame. It is articulated and pointed. Shame is a blunt weight on our back. Self-hatred is a knife in our own hand. Self-deprecation is also more than loneliness; it is rationalized: “You should be alone. Who would want to associate with you?” Self-deprecation is our natural inclination to answer embarrassment’s “Why?” with a staunch “Because of me — obviously, again — because of me.”

5. Legalism

“I could have prevented this if I had been better.” “I could have stopped this if I had done better.” “I have put myself here.” “It’s all my fault.” “It’s always my fault.”

Embarrassment remembers. It keeps a record of wrongs. When embarrassed, we feel the cutting edge of disapproval from God and neighbor. Embarrassment is the emotional experience of failed earthly justification — of failing to attain “righteousness of my own that comes from the law” (Philippians 3:9). “From the law.” Insert: the righteousness that comes from being wealthy, successful, morally upright, popular, stable, employed, and socially savvy. Now imagine all of the condemnation that can rip you to shreds when you drop a meatball in your lap at a business lunch. “Now there’s no hiding how stupid I am.”

Embracing God in Embarrassment

Embarrassment is an obnoxious suffering. It is not something of which we can repent. Embarrassment is an experience of losing control of one’s self and circumstances. Embarrassment is an emotional and spiritual reality in which it seems like God is either absent, laughing along with the crowd, or expecting us to just move on and get over it already. But God rushes in to offer several unexpected gifts for the embarrassed.

1. Escape

Perhaps surprisingly, God endorses our desire to escape — but he won’t let us escape him (John 10:28–29). The first embarrassing moment in history: Adam believes that God is coming against him as he hides in shame: “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself” (Genesis 3:10). God’s response? “Good. Run. Get out of here. We don’t want you here. Look at yourself: naked, shameful, sinful.” We expect it. But no. Never. “The Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden” (Genesis 3:23) “lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever” (Genesis 3:22).

God says, “Hey, let’s get you out of here. This place isn’t safe. What do you have there? Fig leaves? Here are some leather garments; you’re cold. Come with me.” Why? “Lest he. . . live forever.” Parsed simply: “I won’t let this be your life.” “I won’t let you be inside-out forever.” That feeling of ours is grievous and important to him (Isaiah 51:3).

2. Protection

God is urgently involved in protecting the embarrassed — but he won’t let us run away from hard experiences either. In the moment of embarrassment, let the words of Genesis 3 show us God’s disposition toward the embarrassed: Notlaughing in agreement, but rushing to your aid. “Surely God is my help; the Lord is the one who sustains me” (Psalm 54:4). You want to escape? God is helping you to do just that — but you won’t escape him, and you won’t run away. He will rush into your embarrassment, break you out of hopelessness by strengthening your feeble arms (Colossians 1:112 Thessalonians 3:3), and stand with you as your honor no matter your circumstances (Psalm 62:7). He does not mock. He does not forsake (Deuteronomy 31:8Psalm 37:28).

“In your embarrassment, God is not laughing in agreement, but rushing to your aid.”

3. Perspective

A moment of embarrassment is like a moment of severe pain — all of our attention is on the bruise, the sprain, the break, the gash. Most often, we are powerless before embarrassment. It is locomotive, overpowering, controlling. But as we spin into our emotional tornado, God gives us relational grips to reach for. However embarrassed we feel, this moment will not last in the minds of others around us. Remember: embarrassment isn’t about the thing — embarrassment is about our experience of how other people experience us.

So let’s split up the opinion of others into unbelievers and believers. (1) To the unsanctified, the sinful heart is too self-involved to indulge in the downfall of others for long — they “seek their own desire” (Proverbs 18:1), “set their minds on the things of the flesh” (Romans 8:5), and are only bent on their own universe, even to their detriment — they “immediately forget what [they look] like” (James 1:24). And (2), to the sanctified, there is grace (Colossians 4:6), tenderheartedness (Ephesians 4:32), and even protection to be received. People do not have the energy to harbor such sadistic scorn for long. And if they do, it certainly does not reflect the attitude of the Holy Spirit (2 Corinthians 6:6; cf. 2 Corinthians 6:3–8).

People can be cruel to us, but often not as treacherous as we are to ourselves.

4. Communal Acceptance

Christians are often the first people to have a reason to qualify love, “Yes, God forgives them. . . . but they should be ashamed.” “. . . but let’s be real.” “. . . but they should know better.” “. . . but they should do/be better.” This is a failure to “rid [ourselves] of all such things as these: anger, rage, malice, slander, and filthy language from [our] lips” (Colossians 3:8). Embarrassed people already know that they have not made ideal choices or been placed in ideal circumstances. They need Jesus Christ, not a qualified personal Christian opinion (Hebrews 13:20–21).

We should “make every effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual edification” (Romans 14:19), we “should please our neighbors for their good, to build them up” (Romans 15:2), and we should “encourage one another and build each other up” (1 Thessalonians 5:11).

The embarrassed need to receive Christ through real flesh and blood people (2 Corinthians 7:6). Because embarrassment is primarily an emotional experience of other people, then the church, as other people, is in the perfect place to dispel the myth that they are under judgment, shame, or worthy of self-hatred. The church needs to find an “us” with the embarrassed. “Hey, I know you probably have tons of emotions swirling around. . . but this one time I messed up big, and was so embarrassed. Let me tell you my story.” “. . . but my spouse left me as well, and I’m here to talk if you ever want to.” “. . . but by the way, nobody is gossiping about this. We all just love you and hope you’re okay.”

Acceptance “from God” is real, and perhaps helpful long-term. But very often, what we need is acceptance from God in the form of fellow brothers and sisters in Christ (Romans 15:7). In this way, the people of God combat both loneliness and shame.

5. Words

The last place the embarrassed will go is Scripture. Why would we go to a book that shames us? “Be holy, because I am holy” (1 Peter 1:16). The embarrassed are not a holy people. Or are they? Where would we fit in Scripture? It’s obvious. Out. Out where? Probably “the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Matthew 13:42). Yes, there.

Well, maybe not. Scripture doesn’t cast us out. There are more fitting and redemptive roles to play for the embarrassed. God wrote embarrassment into the script of redemptive history, and therefore the Christian life — it’s part of the plan. For those who have sinned, God gives the words, “The Lord has forsaken me; my Lord has forgotten me” (Isaiah 49:14). For those who have suffered, “Let the day perish on which I was born, and the night that said, ‘A man is conceived’” (Job 3:3).

Okay, so there are words for the embarrassed, but are there any positive words? Yes. Look to the crucified criminal. Publicly displayed, without excuse, exiled, punished, ashamed, naked, utterly embarrassed, interjecting into Jesus’s cry of dereliction, “Remember me” (Luke 23:42). The criminal is “crucified with Christ” (Galatians 2:20), who cries “Why have you forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46).

Embarrassment, rejection, exile, shame, and loneliness are all real. And so the embarrassed are a people who cry “Why have you forsaken me?” with Jesus, who says to them, “You will be with me” (Luke 23:43), and “Can a woman forget her nursing child. . . ? Even these may forget, yet I will not forget you. Behold, I have engraved you on the palms of my hands” (Isaiah 49:15–16). To the embarrassed, Jesus is not just with us. He is one of us. Not embarrassed of us, but standing withus. He calls us his own.

In moments of embarrassed shame, loneliness, self-hatred, and failure, God gives the embarrassed his very Son (Romans 8:32), protection, perspective, acceptance, and words to say when (not if) embarrassment comes. The Redeemer is not surprised by our embarrassment, and he is not unprepared for it either.

Replaced Toilet Gasket

IMG_3225

This is the first time to replace toilet gasket.

A few days (or months) ago, I found there is a water leakage between the head and body of the toilet, and finally, I disassembled it and found the gasket has been quite out of date.

While researching in YouTube, I realized that there are two type of gasket. One is having two screw and bolts and a single gasket, and the other one is triangle gasket, which is mine.

Replacing of it is not difficult, but it was hard to unscrew the old bolts since lots of rust there.

To remove the rust easily, I found torching it for a several seconds which helps to melt the rust a little bit. By doing this, I could take out the old stuck bolts.

Here is the good DIY video for toilet in YouTube.